An immunisation jab (or vaccination) is a safe and efficient way to prevent the spread of many diseases that if left untreated can cause hospitalisation or serious ongoing health conditions.
Vaccinations are routinely offered to everyone in the UK for free on the NHS against different infectious diseases and at different ages.
- 5 in 1 Vaccine – The 5-in-1 vaccine (also known as the DTaP/IPV/Hib vaccine) is one of the first vaccines that your baby will have. It’s given as a single injection to boost your baby’s protection against five different childhood diseases – diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough (pertussis), polio, and Hib (Haemophilus influenzae type b).
- Pneumococcal vaccine – The pneumococcal vaccine (or ‘pneumo jab’) protects against pneumococcal infections. This can lead to pneumonia, septicaemia (a kind of blood poisoning) and meningitis.
- Rotavirus vaccine – An oral vaccine against Rotavirus infection, a common cause of Diarrhoea and sickness. Rotavirus is a highly infectious stomach bug that typically strikes babies and young children, causing an unpleasant bout of diarrhoea, sometimes with vomiting, tummy ache and fever.
- Men B Vaccine – The Men B vaccine will protect your baby against infection by Meningococcal group B bacteria, which are responsible for more than 90% of Meningococcal infections in young children. Meningitis and Septicaemia caused by Meningococcal group B bacteria can affect People of any age, but is most common in babies and young children.
- Second dose of the 5 in 1 Vaccine
- Second dose of the Rotavirus Vaccine
- Third dose of the 5 in 1 Vaccine
- Second dose of the Pneumococcal Vaccine
- Second dose of the Men B Vaccine
- MMR Vaccine – MMR is a safe and effective combined vaccine that protects against three separate illnesses – Measles, Mumps and Rubella (German Measles) – in a single injection. The full course of MMR vaccination requires two doses
- Hib/Men C Booster
- Third dose of the Pneumococcal Vaccine
- Third dose of the Men B Vaccine
2, 3 and 4 years plus school years one and two
- Children’s annual flu vaccine- The flu nasal spray vaccination is available to healthy children aged two, three and four years old plus children in school years one and two.
3 years and 4 months
- 4 in 1 pre-school booster – The 4-in-1 pre-school booster vaccine is offered to three-year-old children to boost their protection against Diphtheria, Tetanus, Whooping cough and Polio.
- Second dose of the MMR vaccine
- HPV vaccine – All girls aged 12 to 13 are offered HPV (Human Papilloma Virus) vaccination as part of the NHS childhood vaccination programme. The vaccine protects against cervical cancer. It’s usually given to girls in year eight at schools in England.
- 3 in 1 teenage booster vaccine – The teenage booster, also known as the 3-in-1 or the Td/IPV vaccine, is given as a single injection into the upper arm to protection against three separate diseases: tetanus, diphtheria and polio.
- Men ACWY vaccine – Young teenagers, sixth formers and ‘fresher’ Students going to University for the first time are advised to have a vaccination to prevent Meningitis W disease. The Men ACWY vaccine is given by a single injection into the upper arm and protects against four different causes of Meningitis and Septicaemia – Meningococcal (Men) A, C, W and Y diseases.
65 and over
Flu vaccination by injection, commonly known as the “Flu jab” is available every year on the NHS to protect adults (and some children) at risk of flu (also known as influenza) and its complications.
Flu can be more severe in certain people, such as:
- Anyone aged 65 and over
- Pregnant women
- Children and Adults with an underlying health condition (particularly long-term heart or respiratory disease)
- Children and Adults with weakened immune systems
Pneumococcal vaccine – The Pneumococcal vaccine (or ‘pneumo jab’) protects against pneumococcal infections. This can lead to Pneumonia, Septicaemia (a kind of blood poisoning) and Meningitis.
Shingles vaccine – A vaccine to prevent shingles, a common, painful skin disease is available on the NHS to certain people in their 70’s. The Shingles vaccine is given as a single injection. Unlike the flu jab, the jab is only given once and can be given at any time of year.
‘At risk’ groups
There are some vaccines that aren’t routinely available to everyone on the NHS, but that are available for people who fall into certain risk groups, such as pregnant women, people with long-term health conditions, healthcare workers, men who have sex with men and drug users.
Additional vaccines for special groups include:
- Flu jab for Pregnant Women
- Whooping cough vaccine for Pregnant Women
- Hepatitis B vaccination
- TB vaccination
- Chickenpox vaccination
For more information on vaccinations please go to NHS Choices vaccination schedule .